Contemplate the formative principles (forms) of things bare of their coverings; the purposes of actions; consider what pain is, what pleasure is, and death, and fame; who is to himself the cause of his uneasiness; how no man is hindered by another; that everything is opinion.



Marcus Aurelius served as Roman Emperor between 161 and 180 CE.

While on campaign between 170 and 180 CE, Aurelius wrote the Meditations, one of the most important works of ancient Stoic philosophy.

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